List of Papers, with their Subjects.

proclamation.

No. Date. Subject. Page.
1 Proclamation 1875. May 2 Extending the duration of the “Court of Commissioners of Alabama Claims” for six months from and after July 22, 1875. 1

argentine republic.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
2 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Fish 1874. Aug. 12 Dr. Don Nicolas Avellaneda declared President, and Don Mariano Acosta Vice-President, of the Argentine Republic by the National Congress; attempted assassination of Señor Lanus. 3
3 do Sept. 12 Dr. Tejedor, minister of foreign affairs for the Argentine Republic, goes to Rio de Janeiro to conclude negotiations respecting Paraguay, Villa Occidental, and the Triple Alliance; the island of Martin Garcia armed by the Argentines. 3
4 do Sept. 29 Seizure of the two government gunboats “Parana” and “Uruguay” by the nationalists and the inauguration of open rebellion thereby. 4
5 do Oct. 5 Progress of the revolution inaugurated as above; manifesto of Congress; Generals Mitre and Rivas at the head of the rebels. 6
6 do Oct. 13 Inauguration of President Avellaneda; farewell address of President Sarmiento; speech of President Avellaneda: manifesto of General Mitre. 9
7 do Nov. 13 Progress of the rebellion; a gloomy outlook; protracted struggle anticipated General Mitre’s proclamation. 17
8 do Dec. 15 Suppression of the rebellion; defeat or General Mitre and his army; official dispatch of the surrender President Avellaneda’s amnesty. 19
9 do 1875. Mar. 1 Mob-violence in Buenos Ayres against the Jesuits; the archbishop’s palace and Jesuits’ college sacked and burned; the province declared in a state of siege: causes of the outbreak. 22
10 do Mar. 6 General Mitre and ten of his companions in the late rebellion arrive in Buenos Ayres as prisoners. 23
11 do Mar. Dr. Tejedor appointed minister to Brazil to adjust difficulties between both countries; rumors of Brazilian objections to the arming of the island of Martin Garcia. 24
12 do Apr. 12 Dr. Tejedor about to depart for Brazil; the Paraguayan question; the Bolivian boundary troubles. 25
13 do May 10 Opening of the Argentine Congress; President Avellaneda’a address. 28
14 do June 7 Celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Argentine independence; an amnesty decree issued. 34
15 do June 15 Dr. Tejedor’s return from his special mission to Brazil; results of the mission. 36
16 do June 24 The Paraguayan government rejects the treaty concluded between Dr. Tejedor and Señor Sosa; Dr. Tejedor replies to the strictures of the Brazilian press, giving an account of the negotiations. 37
[Page XL]

austria hungary.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
17 Mr. Jay to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 18 Arrival in Vienna of the commission appointed by the President in reference to the improvement of the Mississippi; courtesies extended to the commission by the Austro-Hungarian authorities. 41
18 do Oct. 7 Vienna Exposition; medals and diplomas awarded to American exhibitors. 42
19 do Oct. 19 Same subject 44
20 do Dec. 26 Potato-beetle; information thereon furnished by the Agricultural Department for the Swiss minister at Vienna. 45
21 do Dec. 27 The President’s message; misrepresentation of the same by the cable; satisfaction expressed on receipt of the correct version. 47
22 do 1875. Mar. 4 End of ministerial crisis and formation of a fusion ministry; financial troubles of the empire for the past two years. 48
23 do Mar. 18 Programme of the tour of the Emperor to Italy and Dalmatia; political importance attached thereto. 49
24 Mr. Delaplaine to Mr. Fish Apr. 2 The same subject 53
25 Mr. Fish to Mr. Delaplaine Apr. 7 Transmitting act of Congress of March 3, 1875, in relation to the immigration of objectionable persons. 55
26 Mr. Delaplaine to Mr. Fish Apr. 27 Navigation of the Danube; the new bed opened for vessels of all classes; the work of improvement and the obstacles overcome in accomplishing the same. 55
27 do May 5 The Emperor’s tour through Dalmatia; results attached thereto in Vienna. 56
28 Mr. Orth to Mr. Fish Sept. 21 The insurrection in Herzegovina; progress of the same. 57

barbary states.

morocco.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
29 Mr. Mathews to Mr. Fish 1874. Aug. 24 Disturbed state of the province of Tangier; meeting of the foreign representatives in relation thereto; note presented to the Moorish minister demanding that an end be put to the present state of affairs. 59
30 do Sept. 21 The same subject; note received from Cid Mohamed Barjash in reply to the note sent by the foreign representatives. 60
31 do Sept. 28 The plague; measures taken for the prevention of its introduction into Morocco. 61
32 do 1875. Apr. 1 United States frigate Franklin arrives at Tangier; Rear-Admiral Worden is introduced to the minister for foreign affairs; the British minister visits the Emperor at Fez; arrival of the Italian transport Dora. 61
33 do June 28 KaidJilaly Ben Hamo appointed pasha of Tangier; his energy in treating insubordination; what is expected from his appointment. 62

tripoli.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
34 Mr. Vidal to Mr. Hunter 1875. Mar. 1 Return of Mr. Vidal from an overland journey along the African coast; account of the journey; the slave-traffic. 62

tunis.

[Page XLI]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
35 Mr. Heap to Mr. Hunter 1874. Nov. 14 “Inland sea of North Africa;” report on the un-feasibility of connecting the Great Desert with the sea at Gabes, on the eastern coast of the regency of Tunis. 64
36 Mr. Heap to Mr. Hunter Dec. 31 Sensational dispatches in the French and German press concerning the regency of Tunis; recall of the French chargé d’affaires for his connection with the same; reports supposed to he concocted by the enemies of General Keredine; a French expedition to commence a careful survey of country to be submerged to the south of Algeria for the creation of a large inland sea; obstacles thereto. 68
37 Mr. Fish to Mr. Heap 1875. Mar. 12 The consular residence occupied by Mr. Heap offered by the Bey as a gift to the United States; the President authorized to accept the same. 70
38 Mr. Heap to Mr. Hunter June 14 Commissions sent by the Italian and French governments to make surveys in relation to connecting the Great Desert with the sea. 70

belgium.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
39 Mr. Jones to Mr. Fish 1874. Dec. 17 A letter from the King proposing to offer an annual prize of a thousand francs to encourage intellectual researches: terms on which competition is to be allowed. 71
40 Mr. Fish to Mr. Delfosse Nov. 9 Notifying of the termination of the treaty of 1858 between the United States and Belgium; the United States ready to negotiate a new treaty embodying the principles of the old, with the exception of two objectionable articles. 72

bolivia.

[Page XLII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
41 Mr. Reynolds to Mr. Fish 1874. Dec. 23 Mutiny of the troops at La Paz, and General Quevedo proclaimed President; the city in the hands of the soldiers. 73
42 do Dec. 24 The same subject; excesses of the soldiers; General Daza expected to march on the city to re-establish the authority of the government. 74
43 do Dec. 31 The same subject; the killed and wounded; the prevailing feeling of consternation. 74
44 do 1875. Jan. 6 The same subject; arrival of General Quevedo at La Paz to head the revolt and resist the troops under General Daza; order issued by General Quevedo in relation to the protection of foreign legations and consulates. 75
45 do Jan. 14 The same subject; General Quevedo leaves the city of La Paz to encounter the government troops under General Daza. 77
46 do Jan. 19 The same subject; entire defeat of the revolutionists in a battle twelve miles from La Paz; Quevedo, with a remnant of his troops, retreats on La Paz, then leaves the city during the night; entry of President Frias, his ministers, and the troops. 77
47 do Feb. 12 In relation to the arrest of Mr. Reynolds’s servant; correspondence thereon with General Lanza and Dr. Corral. 78
48 do Feb. 19 The late attempted revolution; General Quevedo and Dr. Corral authorize Mr. Reynolds to mediate with the constitutional authorities; on receipt of Mr. Reynolds’s reply they fly the city. 81
49 do Feb. 20 The protection of the American legation asked by many persons against interference by the government; conditions on which such protection could be given; conversation thereon with the minister for foreign affairs. 82
do Mar. 11 Revolt at Cochabamba still in progress; the government troops en route to that city; awaiting instructions defining more fully the duties of minister in revolutionary times. 84
51 Mr. Reynolds to Mr. Fish Mar. 20 Another attempted revolution at La Paz; heroic defense of the palace by a few citizen soldiers against the revolutionists; account of the battle; revolution still rampant in Cochabamba. 84
52 do Mar. 25 The same subject; review of the battle; the killed and wounded; the indignation at the burning of the palace; defeat of the revolutionists at Youngar. 86
53 do Mar. 28 The right of asylum; the case of Mr. Poso, who sought the protection of the American legation; correspondence thereon with the minister for foreign affairs. 87
54 do1 Mar. 31 The revolution at Cochabamba complete victory of the government troops; the revolutionists defeated in a thirty minutes’ fight. 88
55 do April 7 Attempted revolution at La Paz; refused asylum to all persons engaged in the burning of the palace. 89

brazil.

[Page XLIII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
56 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Fish 1874. Aug. 24 Long-promised reform still being debated; the difficulty with the Argentine Republic; Rear-Admiral Le Roy relieves Rear-Admiral Strong; the Lancaster and the Monongahela still in the harbor. 90
57 do Aug. 24 Consular conventions for settlement of estates of subjects of France, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, who died intestate, have ceased to exist; does not affect the United States, whose consuls intervene under the law of 1845. 90
58 do Oct. 24 The civil war in the Argentine Republic; unreliability of the news thereof; complacency of the Brazilians at the misfortunes of their neighbors; prosperity of Brazil. 91
59 do Nov. 12 Failure of the legislative chambers to pass the appropriation bills before adjournment; an extra session to be called; statistics in relation to the financial condition of Brazil for a series of years. 92
60 do Nov. 19 Revenue system of Brazil, taken from the estimates and facts set forth in the report of the minister of finance for 1874. 94
61 do Nov. 20 Conflict between the civil power and the ecclesiastical party; the bishops of Olinda and Para still in prison; the matter assumes a new phase; the different complications of the subject. 97
62 do Nov. 23 Quietness during the parliamentary recess; the Pope’s dissatisfaction with Brazil; good order throughout the provinces, but much embarrassment on account of financial difficulties. 99
63 do Dec. 22 Proposed duty on coffee imported into the United States: Mr. Partridge and the minister for foreign affairs in relation to the tariff-laws of Brazil and the United states. 99
64 do 1875. Jan. 19 The same subject; correspondence thereon between Viscount de Caravella and Mr. Partridge. 102
65 do Jan. 22 Coffee export to, and consumption in, the United States; interesting statistics concerning the same. 103
66 do Jan. 25 Disturbances in the eastern provinces; relations with the River Plate republics; the good order in Brazil as compared with the Argentine Republic. 105
67 do Feb. 3 Depression in commercial affairs partly due to excessive importations; imports into Rio Janeiro; review of the financial condition, and the causes leading thereto. 106
68 do Feb. 21 The arming of the island of Martin Garcia by the Argentine government: uneasiness in Brazil. 107
69 do Mar. 23 Extra session of the Legislative Assembly opened on the 16th by the Emperor for the purpose of passing the appropriation bills. 107
70 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Fish Mar. 24 No improvement in the financial condition of the River Plate republics; Paraguay suffering from the same cause; two Argentine iron-clads from England have called at Rio de Janeiro; menaces of the Argentines are for political purposes; no danger of war apprehended. 108
71 do Apr. 13 Arming of the island of Martin Garcia by the Argentine Republic interferes with the free navigation of the river; a meeting of the charges of France, England) and Italy, and the American minister, called by Vizconde Caravellas, to propose that those governments would induce the Argentines to cease fortifying the island. 109
72 do Apr. 19 Agricultural interests; the heavy export-duty destroying the cultivation of sugar; proposed reduction of export-duties not enough to satisfy the cultivators: the revenue difficulty. 110
73 do Apr. 23 The legislative chambers; the budget presented; expenditures will exceed the estimates; slow progress of Brazil; large expenditures. 111
74 do Apr. 24 Hurrying business through the legislative chamber’s; reduction of Brazilian garrison at Asuncion, Paraguay; the military occupation of Paraguay prevents civil war; the yellow fever; the new coffee-crop. 112
75 do May 1 The Argentine minister received by the Emperor of Brazil; an amicable settlement of the difficulties between the two Countries expected. 113
76 do May 22 The same subject; negotiations progressing satisfactorily; conditions of settlement. 113
77 do May 22 The financial crisis; bank suspension; scarcity of money; the government asks leave to issue $13,000,000 in interest-bearing notes. 113
78 do May 24 Report of the ministers of finance to the chambers: increase of the public debt. 114
79 do May 25 The chambers debating the proposed measure of financial relief; negotiations with the Argentine Republic satisfactorily concluded. 115
80 do June 10 Sudden departure of the Argentine minister without a final settlement of the dispute between the two countries; surprise at the same; reasons therefor. 115
81 do Aug. 7 Brazilian export of coffee to the United States; the effects of the probable restoration of the duty on coffee in the United States; tables showing the exports of coffee from Brazil for a number of years. &c. 117
82 do Aug. 20 Passage of a law for the punishment in Brazil of foreigners for certain acts committed beyond the jurisdiction of Brazil; full text of the same. 123
83 do Aug. 21 Thanks of the United States Government to Baron de Ivanheima and Dr. de Rocha, of the Brazilian navy, for friendly services to the United States frigate Lancaster. 126

central american states.

[Page XLIV][Page XLV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
84 Mr. Fish to Mr. Williamson. 1874. Aug. 24 The satisfaction to be demanded for the breaking into the United States consulate at Omoa and insult to the American flag. 127
85 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Fish. Aug. 26 The extent of the postal service of Guatemala 127
86 do Sept. 7 Firing a salute to the British flag at San José de Guatemala for the outrage committed on Mr. Magee, the British vice-consul at that, place. 128
87 do Sept. 7 Earthquake in Guatemala; large destruction of life and property. 129
88 do Sept. 8 Attempted creation of a revolution in the Mosquito territory by a British subject; the British government said to countenance the same; the British charge denies all knowledge of the matter. 129
89 do Sept. 9 The coming election in Honduras for the presidency; the candidates for the office; excitement concerning the same. 130
90 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Fish Sept. 16 Celebration of the fifty-third anniversary of the independence of Guatemala; lack of enthusiasm among the people on the occasion; intelligence slowly but surely spreading anions: the people. 131
91 do Sept. 23 Forwards sample of the fiber of the “escobilla,” or Guatemala plant, of the jute species, which might become a valuable agricultural product in the United States; the nature and qualities of the plant. 132
92 do Sept. 25 Tranquillity of the Central American States; the coming elections in Nicaragua and Honduras likely to pass without revolution; Costa Rica all a quiet. 133
93 do Oct. 5 Boundary question between Mexico and Guatemala; Mr. Williamson requested by the prime minister to open a correspondence with the United States minister in Mexico, with a view to the speedy adjustment of the question; complications which may arise to prevent a settlement. 133
94 do Oct. 6 Contract to build a railroad from San José to Guatemala City given to an Englishman; rumors in regard to the same; the contractor gone abroad to negotiate for the means to construct the road; he is said to be accredited to the Sublime Porte as minister plenipotentiary from Guatemala. 134
95 do Oct. 7 Exploration of mounds near the city of Guatemala by Mr. Williamson; report upon the same; ancient manuscripts. 135
96 do Oct. 10 Public schools of Guatemala; government report upon the same showing great progress. 137
97 do Oct. 13 Outrage upon the American consulate at Omoa; correspondence with the Honduras minister for foreign affairs thereon. 138
98 do Nov. 3 Attempt to overthrow the government of Costa Rica; the revolutionists dispersed; fugitives taken on board the Pacific mail steamer Mohongo, which will be cause of serious complaint against the company. 139
99 do Nov. 12 The trouble on the Mosquito coast; President Quadra gives a full account of the same; British subjects the instigators of the trouble. 140
100 do Dec. 3 No doubt about the election of President Leiva in Honduras. 141
101 do Dec. 20 Outrage upon the American consulate at Omoa: letter from the minister for foreign affairs of Honduras on the subject; the letter not satisfactory, yet hopes are entertained that the satisfaction demanded will be given. 142
102 do 1875. Jan. 6 The trouble on the Mosquito coast; proclamation of the Mosquito King. 143
103 do Jan. 9 The so-called attempted assassination of President Guardia, of Costa Rica; the case of Pena the supposed assassin; correspondence concerning the same; protest of the mother of Pena in regard to the action of the captain of the Arizona. 144
104 do Jan. 23 Primary public instruction; decree of the government of Guatemala in relation thereto; praiseworthy attempt to inaugurate a public-school system. 148
105 do Feb. 2 The Mosquito King’s pretensions; correspondence with the Nicaraguan minister of foreign affairs; attention directed to certain words in the, same; the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. 149
106 do Feb. 3 Trouble between Nicaragua and Costa Rica in consequence of acts reported in Mr. Williams’s No. 267; substance of correspondence which has passed between the governments thereon. 152
107 do Feb. 4 Result of the recent presidential election m Nicaragua announced by the minister for foreign affairs; the American minister invited to attend the inauguration. 154
108 do Feb. 16 The Mosquito trouble; the British government supposed to be concerned in the same; dispatch from the United States commercial agent at San Juan del Norte thereon. 155
109 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Fish Mar. 23 The outrage on the American consulate at Omoa; settlement of the affair; salute to the American flag fired in the plaza at Comayagua, March 22; protocol of settlement, and correspondence thereon. 157
110 do Apr. 19 Reception of Don Juan José Garza, as envoy extraordinary from Mexico, by the government of Guatemala; the special mission of the minister; statement in regard to the state of affairs between Mexico and Guatemala. 164
111 do Apr. 28 The outrage on the American consulate at Omoa; article from El Nacional showing why the perpetrators of the outrage were not punished by the government of Honduras. 167
112 Mr. Fish to Mr. Williamson Apr. 30 The outrage at Omoa; the settlement of the same considered as good as could, be expected; Mr. Williamson’s course approved. 168
113 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Fish May 7 The boundary question between Nicaragua and Costa Rica; correspondence between the two governments concerning the same; Costa Rica proposes Chili as an arbiter. 168
114 do May 13 President Guardia’s message to the Costa Rican Congress. 171
115 do July 30 Expulsion of Jesuits from Costa Rica; reasons therefor. 174
116 do Aug. 25 Decree re-organizing the university of Guatemala City. 175

chili.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
117 Mr. Logan to Mr. Fish 1874. Oct. 8 The “Tacna” affair; demands of England: correspondence thereon; fears that England will concentrate her whole Pacific fleet in Valparaiso Bay to enforce her demands; the Chilian minister for foreign relations desires the good offices of the Secretary of State in procuring, through the American minister to England, an amicable settlement of the case. 177
118 do Nov. 2 Passage of an amendment to the penal-code bill by the Chilian senate annulling the provisions obnoxious to the church party; excitement created by its passage; the power of the clerics used to the utmost limit to carry their point; the liberals a majority in the republic. 179
119 do 1875. Feb. 12 President Grant’s message gives universal satisfaction to the American residents in Chili 181
120 do Feb. 27 Postal convention between Chili and Germany; calls attention to former suggestions showing the necessity for concluding a postal treaty between Chili and the United States; text of the convention. 181
121 do Apr. 12 Settlement of the Chileno-Peruvian question by Mr. Logan, as arbiter, to the satisfaction of the parties concerned; complimentary acknowledgments of Mr. Logan’s labors. 185
122 do May 24 The same subject; full text of the sentence and award of the arbiter. 188
123 do June 4 The “Tacna” affair; England accepts the proposition of Chili to submit the question to arbitration, and the Emperor of Germany is selected as the arbitrator; the result received in Chili with great satisfaction. 199
[Page XLVI]

china.

[Page XLVII][Page XLVIII][Page XLIX]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
124 Mr. Williams to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 17 Prince Kung degraded by the Emperor; Prince Kung restored to his former rank next day; reasons therefor; decrees of degradation and restoration. 200
125 do Oct. 2 Prince Kung notifies Mr. Williams that Wan-Yen-Ping, a Chinese adventurer, is reported to be traveling through the United States as a Chinese commissioner, and requests that he be arrested and returned to China; correspondence thereon. 202
126 do Oct. 10 The same subject; Prince Kung quotes the XVIIIth article of the American treaty as applying to the case of Wan-Yen-Ping. 204
127 do Oct. 28 An American, engaged, by the Chinese pilot-service at New-chwang, who had been punished by the consul for an assault on a Chinese woman, is suspended by the harbor-master in consequence of his conduct; Mr. Williams sustains the action of the harbor-master; correspondence covering the whole question; general harbor regulations and by-laws at New-chwang. 205
128 Mr. Fish to Mr. Williams Nov. 9 The case of General Le Gendre; protest of the Japanese consul at Amoy in regard to General Le Gendre’s immunity from trial on the ground that he was a commissioner from Japan to China; the Department desires further details concerning General Le Gendre’s employment with the Japanese. 220
129 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish Nov. 12 The Formosan difficulty; Prince Kung transmits to Mr. Avery the terms of agreement effected between China and’ Japan; feeling of relief that the dangers of hostilities are passed; Mr. Avery’s congratulations to Prince Kung. 221
130 do Nov. 12 Railways and telegraphs in China; efforts of the American legation to impress the Chinese authorities with their importance for the development of the empire; building of a short experimental railway at Shanghai; the Great Northern Telegraph Company, its labors and obstacles in China; agreement between the company and the Chinese authorities to erect a line between Foo-chow and Amoy; the Chinese authorities request the work stopped; pressure brought to bear on the authorities to make them reconsider their decision. 223
131 do Nov. 23 The admission of Chinese to the Military Academy at West Point, desired by the governor of Tien-tsin the question discussed by Mr. Avery. 227
132 do Dec. 4 Mr. Avery has audience with the Emperor, and present’s the President’s letter; interesting description of the presentation and the preparatory ceremonies; correspondence between Mr. Avery and the Chinese officials. 228
133 Mr. Fish to Mr. Williams Dec. 10 The ease of Wan-Yen-Ping; no extradition can be granted in the absence of treaty-provisions. 235
134 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish Dec. 10 A British subject employed by the Chinese to purchase in England machinery to work coal and iron mines in the province of Chihli. 235
135 do Dec. 17 The Chimi affair: good results of the settlement by Mr. Sheppard, United States consul at Tientsin; a British missionary’s testimony to the same. 236
136 do Dec. 20 General De Raasloff, Danish envoy extraordinary, arrives at Peking on a mission extraordinary—the securing from the authorities protection for the lines of Danish telegraph in operation in the empire; statement of the case, and the necessity for the co-operation of the representatives of the foreign powers with General Raasloff; meeting of the foreign ministers, and protocol signed by them in relation to the subject. 237
137 do Dec. 21 Transit of Venus as observed at Peking by the American and French astronomers. 241
138 do Dec. 22 Sickness of the Emperor; decree in relaton to the same issued, appointing the Empress-dowagers to take charge of affairs during the Emperor’s illness. 243
139 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish 1875. Jan. 6 The same subject; interpretation of the coincidence of the Emperor’s sickness and the transit of Venus; grand religious ceremony on the twelfth day of the attack; description of the pageant; edicts in relation to the same. 244
140 Mr. Fish to Mr. Avery Jan. 15 In relation to the suspension of the American pilot at New-chwang by the harbor-master, as reported in Mr. Williams’s No. 69; opinion of the Department concerning the same. 248
141 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish Jan. 27 Unexpected death of the Emperor; review of his reign and of the Tsing dynasty; speculations as to the succession; the remains of the Emperor lying in state: the various decrees issued. 250
142 do Jan. 27 The Danish telegraphs; action taken by the foreign representatives for the protection of the same; correspondence with Prince Kung on the subject; the Chinese officials threatening to tear down the Foo-chow and Amoy line. 260
143 do Feb. 7 The same subject; additional facts; the foreign representatives meet to answer the note from the Tsung-li Yamen in answer to their protocol; they sign another protocol to the Yamen. 263
144 do Feb. 19 The employment of an agent to purchase machinery in England to work the coal-mines in the province of Chihli; further particulars concerning the same: an account of the coal-mines. 265
145 do Feb. 28 The Danish telegraphs; the latest phase of the question; violence committed on the Danish company’s Foo-chow and Amoy line and on the workmen; the Chinese authorities arranging for the purchase of the lines; correspondence concerning the same; project for the purchase of the line by the Chinese government has received the imperial sanction. 267
146 Mr. Fish to Mr. Avery Mar. 4 The same subject; the purport of General Raas-loff’s mission to China and the good results to flow from its success; a general statement of the question and the views of this Government thereon. 274
147 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish Mar. 18 The same subject; cutting and stealing the cables; attack on an American, and on his workmen, in charge of grading a railway between Shanghai and Woosung; statement of the affair; prompt and effective action of the American consul-general. 275
148 do Mar. 19 The same subject; the Foo-chow line to be bought by the Chinese government; full documentary history of the project by the American consul at Foo-chow. 278
149 do Mar. 29 State of affairs since the death of the Emperor; no discontent with the succession; mysterious convocation at the palace. 287
150 do Mar. 30 The customs taotai of Tien-tsin issues a proclamation in relation to impost; disturbance to the foreign trade caused thereby; the taotai issues another proclamation relieving the apprehensions of the foreign merchants; resistance of the native merchants to the new rule; statement of the case by the American consul at Tientsin. 288
151 do Mar. 31 The Cuban cooly traffic; the Chinese government prohibits further emigration to Cuba; protest of the Spanish chargé d’affaires; commission sent to Cuba to investigate the reports as to maltreatment of the Chinese; report of the commission showing the outrages committed on the coolies; the case as presented by China; the matter referred to the representatives of Great Britain, Russia, United States, France, and Germany; full correspondence covering the subject. 292
152 do Apr. 1 The Margary massacre; particulars of the same; action taken by the British minister thereon; memorandum regarding the murder. 310
153 do Apr. 8 The status of the Lew-Chew Islands; apprehended trouble between China and Japan concerning the same; Lew-Chewans in Peking with tribute; statement of the case to Mr. Avery by the chargé d’affaires of Japan. 313
154 Mr. Fish to Mr. Avery Apr. 9 Transmitting act of Congress, approved March 3, 1875, in relation to immigration, for communication to the Chinese government. 316
155 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish Apr. 29 Dr. Williams, secretary and interpreter to the American legation,, departs for the United States; Dr. Williams’s great work, A Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language, arranged according to the Wu Fang Yuen Yin, with the pronunciation of the characters as heard at Peking, Canton, &c. 317
156 do May 12 The Margary massacre; action of the British minister; the affair assuming a very grave character; the surroundings of the question; the British minister leaves Peking; British complaints against the Burmese; Chinese troops in Formosa to operate against the aborigines and to open the island to colonization; newspaper accounts of the Margary massacre; the French in Tonquin. 318
157 do May 4 Danish telegraph-lines in China; action of the foreign representatives for their protection; consummation of the purchase of the Foo-chow and Amoy line by the Chinese government. 328
158 do May 30 Political status of the Lew-Chew Islands; Japan to assert complete jurisdiction over the same. 331
159 do June 1 The rights of missionaries beyond the limits of the treaty-ports; correspondence with the American consul at Foo-chow on the subject. 332
160 do June 1 The Margary massacre; the governor-general of Yunnan has appointed the Tartar General Tan to bring the guilty parties to punishment; the massacre probably committed by some wild tribes. 336
161 do June 11 The rights of missionaries beyond the limits of the treaty-ports; Mr. Avery discourages the tendency to establish permanent missions in the interior; correspondence on the subject. 337
162 do June 12 The cooly traffic in Cuba; Mr. Avery shows to the Tsung li Yamen the liberal treatment of Chinese subjects in the United States, which should result in an equal liberality by the Chinese government toward Americans in China; correspondence with Prince Kung thereon. 340
163 do June 14 The Swedish vice-consul at Shanghai calls on Mr. Avery; the consul desires to ascertain the exact relations subsisting between Sweden and Norway and China; Mr. Avery puts him in communication with the Tsung’li Yamen to obtain the desired information. 342
164 do June 16 The Danish telegraph-line between Foo-chow and Amoy to be completed under the auspices of the Chinese government; text of the agreement between the Great Northern Telegraph Company and the Chinese authorities. 342
165 do June 22 Exhibition at a fair in the interior of a picture representing the massacre of foreigners; the foreign consuls at Tien-tsin address the governor of Chihli requesting him to punish the exhibitors; proclamation by the governor; the correspondence thereon. 345
166 do June 23 Trials between citizens of the United States and Chinese; correspondence concerning the interpretation of the 28th article of the treaty with China; cause of the correspondence; the taotai at Tien-tsin substitutes a British subject in his place in an American consular court; the taotai yields the point; action of Consul Sheppard; correspondence concerning the matter. 347
167 do June 25 General Raasloff, the Danish minister, having completed his special mission, goes to Japan as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary; he addresses a note to his colleagues upon the subject of the joint action had for the protection of submarine cables; text of the note; Mr. Avery’s notes to General Raasloff. 352
168 do July 7 The Cuban cooly traffic; continuation of the subject from Mr. Avery’s No. 45; the foreign representatives mediating to settle the differences between the Spanish minister and the Chinese officials; correspondence with the Tsung li Yamen; the mediation suspended. 356
169 do July 13 Insurrection in Manchuria; troops forwarded for its suppression; causes of the various outbreaks in China; full account of the Manchurian outbreak from the American consul at New-chwang. 374
170 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish July 16 Unexpected indication of a progressive spirit manifesting itself in the Chinese government; various memorials addressed to the Emperor by leading officials; inferences drawn by Mr. Avery from these memorials: text of the memorials. 376
171 do July 18 Attack on two Americans and on the American Methodist Episcopal Mission at Shui-Chang; failure of the local authorities to furnish redress; Mr. Avery lays the affair before Prince Kung; Mob violence toward American missionaries at Kiu-kiang and the destruction of the chapel and buildings of the mission; correspondence between Mr. Avery and Prince Kung on the same; various correspondence thereon. 383
172 do July 19 The Chin-kiang disturbances; dispatch from Consul-General Seward and Consul Colby, giving particulars of the affair and the bringing of the offenders to justice; prompt intervention of Mr. Seward and firm persistence of Mr. Colby. 391
173 do July 19 Assault upon foreigners in Peking and vicinity; the same liable to be exaggerated by newspapers; Mr. Avery’s statement of the assaults; incendiary placard. 396
174 Mr. Fish to Mr. Avery July 29 Political status of the Lew-Chew Islands; Mr. Avery is referred to the compact between the United States and the government of Lew-Chew. 398
175 do July 30 Missionary rights in China; Mr. Avery’s reply, in his No. 61, to Mr. De Lano’s inquiries approved; no further instructions deemed necessary concerning the question at present. 398
176 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Avery Aug. 11 The same subject; the Department sees no reason in recent communications to change the views expressed in the foregoing. 399
177 do Aug. 14 Immigration laws of the United States; Mr. Avery’s friendly spirit, as manifested in his Communications, in his No. 64, with Tsung li Yamen, approved; this government always ready to protect and liberally treat all honest Chinese immigrants. 399
178 do Aug. 14 The exhibition of the incendiary picture in the province of. Chihli; the vigorous action of the foreign consuls was required; the action of the viceroy seems to have been prompt and intended in good faith. 400
179 do Aug. 16 Trials between citizens of the United States and Chinese; the substitution of a British subject by the taotai of Tien-Tsin to sit in his stead in the American consular court, as related in Mr. Avery’s No. 70; opinion of the Department; the British subject clearly wrong in attempting to take the taotai’s place in court. 400
180 Mr. Avery to Mr. Fish Aug. 17 A Japanese royal commission arrive in China to inspect several departments of the Chinese government, with a view to the modification of the Japanese system if it should be considered necessary; the labors of the various commissioners. 401
181 do Aug. 18 Assaults upon American missionaries; as a result of the efforts made for redress, Mr. Avery forwards translation of an important proclamation issued in the province of Fuhkien. 402
182 Mr. Seward to Mr. Cadwalader. 1874. Nov. 11 The Formosan difficulty; the terms of settlement; newspaper extracts concerning the same. 405
183 do 1875. Mar. 15 The Chinese loan; the significance of that government borrowing money from foreigners; news-paper comments on the same. 408
184 do April 27 Telegraphs, in China; the taotai at Shanghai directs his subordinates to protect the same within their jurisdiction; prospects for the settlement of the difficulty about the Foo-chow-Amoy line. 411
185 do June 14 The same subject; final settlement with the Great Northern Telegraph Company by the Chinese government of the difficulty about the Foo-chow-Amoy lines; purchase of the line by the Chinese. 412
186 do June 29 The disturbance at Chin-Kiang; the attack on Mr. Colby, the American consul, and wife; the action of Mr. Seward; statements of the case by Mr. Colby and Mr. Seward. 412
[Page L]

colombia.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
187 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Fish 1875. Jan. 5 Indemnity claim against Colombia of Cotesworth & Powell, merchants, of London, pressed by the English government; statement of the fact’s of the case; Mr. Scruggs, at the request of the British minister-resident, consents to act as commissioner to represent the British claimants in the case. 417
188 do Jan. 27 Riotous proceeding in Bogotá: the indifference of the authorities; revolutionary agitators sup-nosed to be inciting the people. 419
189 do Feb. 6 Assembling of the Colombian Congress; the President’s message; its exhibits and recommendations: synopsis of the same. 420
190 do Feb. 17 Provisions in the Colombian constitution governing the election of President; excitement over the coming election; the secretary of war and the commander-in-chief of the army deposed by the President: tranquillity ensues. 422
191 Mr. Fish to Mr. Scruggs Feb. 18 The indemnity claim of Cotesworth & Powell pressed by the English government; Mr. Scruggs is permitted to act as commissioner; gravity of the results of its settlement; Attorney-General Akerman’s opinion in the case of a similar claim, forwarded for Mr. Scruggs’ information. 423
192 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Fish Feb. 27 Debt of Colombia statement of the same from the annual report of the secretary of the treasury. 424
193 do Feb. 27 Celebration of Washington’s birthday; the day observed by the Colombian officials and foreign representatives as well as by the American residents; resolution commemorative of the day passed by the Colombian Congress. 425
194 do Apr. 17 Memorial of the secretary of the interior and foreign affairs to Congress: digest of the same—foreign relations; the Montijo case; agreement of arbitration; interoceanic-canal project; the case of Cuba: boundary question between Colombia and: Venezuela still unsettled. 426
195 do Apr. 26 Return of the Colombian special envoy from Venezuela; he reports the present government of that country as a pure military despotism; he was advised that not one real of the sum due the United States would be paid by Venezuela. 430
196 do May 17 The presidential contest assuming a more serious aspect; plans of the Nunez adherents to separate the coast states from the interior; the action to be taken by the British minister in certain Contingencies. 431
197 do June 7 The same subject; hostilities commenced; the State government of Magdalen a overthrown, and the custom-house at Carthagena seized by the insurgents; increase of the army; action of Mr. Scruggs for the protection of American interests; action of the British minister in behalf of English interests; Mr. Scruggs advises that some national vessels be sent to the Colombian coast; correspondence with the minister of foreign affairs. 432
198 do June 7 Terrible earthquake on the Colombian and Venezuelan frontiers; wholesale destruction of life and property; statement of the frightful scenes; action of the foreign representatives. 434
199 do July 17 The presidential election complications; a peace commission composed of the leaders of both candidates in session in Panama to settle the dispute; hope that the worst has passed. 436
200 do Aug. 14 The same subject; hostilities renewed: arrest and seizure of men and steamers by the insurgents; martial-law declared; action of the foreign ministers: correspondence between Mr. Scruggs and the secretary of foreign relations. 437
201 do Aug. 15 The same subject; determination of the President to put down the rebellion on the coast by force of arms; the States which support the general government; the difficulty of seeing any cause of the trouble. 439
[Page LI]

denmark.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
202 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Fish 1875. Mar. 13 Street-railroads; law passed by the Danish Rigsdag in relation to the same. 440
203 do April 2 Danish copper and bronze coins; withdrawal of certain denominations of the same from circulation from and after November 1, 1875. 441
204 do June 14 Resignation of the Danish cabinet, and appointment of a new cabinet. 441

ecuador.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
205 Mr. Biddle to Mr. Fish 1875. April 20 Arrival of President Morena in Guayaquil; his warm reception of Mr. Biddle; his love for the United States and admiration for President Grant; Americans engaged on the public works of Ecuador; the President compliments them highly. 442

france.

[Page LII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
206 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Fish 1874. Aug. 31 Marriages of Americans at the legations 442
207 Mr. Fish to Mr. Washburne Oct. 23 The Lafayette watch transmitted to Mr. Washburne for restoration to the Lafayette family, in accordance with the provisions of Congress. 444
208 do Nov. 14 Marriages of Americans at the legation 445
209 Mr. Washburne to Mr. Fish. Dec. 4 Reconvening of the National Assembly; prosperity of France; sound financial condition of the nation; immense exportations during the year; specie payments in France and in the United States; President Grant’s message on the resumption of specie payments warmly indorsed by Mr. Washburne; President McMahon’s message. 447
210 do Dec. 10 The Lafayette watch restored to the family; Mr. Washburne’s presentation remarks; Oscar de Lafayette’s reply; a list of the Lafayette family. 449
211 do Dec. 24 President Grant’s message; it is favorably received in France, especially those portions in relation to the finances and’ to Cuba; the garbled version transmitted by the cable. 452
212 do Dec. 26 Testimonials from the German government to the American diplomatic and consular officers in France for services rendered during the Franco-German war; Congress not having taken action in regard to the permission of the acceptance of the same, Mr. Washburne writes to Prince Hohenlohe that he cannot accept such testimonial; correspondence thereon. 453
213 Mr. Fish to Mr. Washburne. Dec. 30 The Lafayette watch; the manner of its presentation to the family by Mr. Washburne receives the warm approval of the Department. 454
214 Mr. Washburne to Mr. Fish. 1875. Jan. 7 Meeting of the Assembly after the holiday recess; ministerial defeat on the legal measures for Algeria; the ministers place their resignations in the hands of the President; result unknown up to the hour of forwarding dispatch; President McMahon’s message. 454
215 do Jan. 20 Difficulty in forming a new ministry; Bonapartist victory in the election in the department of the Hautes-Pyrénées; excitement over the same. 457
216 do Feb. 3 The political situation; discussion on the constitutional laws; results of the same; the administration in an embarrassing position. 458
217 do Feb. 9 The elections: Versailles elects a republican; no choice in Côtes-du-Nord. 460
218 do Feb. 26 Proceedings in the French Legislative Assembly 460
219 do Mar. 1 The same subject; text of the constitutional laws as adopted. 463
220 Mr. Washburne to Mr. Fish Mar. 12 Announcement of the new ministry; reasons for the delay in its formation; the members composing the new ministry. 464
221 do Mar. 26 Recess of the National Assembly; the former president of the Assembly having been made minister of the interior is replaced as president by the Duke d’Andriffrel Pasquier; sketch of the new president’s public career. 465
222 do Apr. 23 Geographical Society of Paris grants a gold medal to Captain Francis Hall for his explorations in the Polaris. Presentations by the same society to Abbé Armand David for travels in China and Mongolia, and to Dr. Schweinfurth for his explorations in the country of the Nyams-Nyams and Minbouttons. 466
223 do May 21 Constitutional bills introduced into the Assembly by Mr. Dafoure. 466
224 do June 18 The funeral of Count Rémusat; American sympathy for the loss of this statesman and scholar; sketch of his public career. 470
225 do July 28 Proceedings in the National Assembly 471
226 do Aug. 3 Debate upon claims of Frenchmen who had suffered losses during the late rebellion in the United States. 472
227 Mr. Bartholdi to Mr. Fish 1874. Nov. 23 Convocation of the metrical convention by the French government; statement as to the objects of the conference and the declarations of the several governments in connection therewith; Mr. Bartholdi extends invitation to the United States to participate in the conference. 474
228 do 1875. Jan. 4 Expulsion of the French Sisters of Charity from Mexico; the good offices of the American cabinet solicited with the Mexican government to get an extension of time for the departure of the sisters. 475
229 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bartholdi Jan. 6 The same subject; the American minister to Mexico directed to make the necessary application to that government for the extension required. 476
230 do Jan. 18 The metrical conference; the invitation to be represented at the conference accepted; the President has designated Mr. Washburne, the minister to France, to represent the United States thereat. 476
231 Mr. Bartholdi to Mr. Fish Feb. 19 Meeting of an international congress in Paris for the promotion of geographical science; the French government would be very glad if the Government of the United States would lend its co-operation to the plan of the French Geographical Society. 477
232 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bartholdi Feb. 23 Extension of time for the departure of the French Sisters of Charity from Mexico. 478
233 Mr. Bartholdi to Mr. Fish Feb. 26 The same subject; Mr. Bartholdi thanks Mr. Fish for the kind offices of the Government of the United States in securing for the Sisters the required extension of time. 478
234 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bartholdi Mar. 11 Geographical conference at Paris; Rev. Joseph P. Thompson, Rev. W. Bjerring, and Mr. Wright W. Hawkins selected to represent the American Geographical Society at the conference. 478

germany.

[Page LIII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
235 Mr. Davis to Mr. Fish 1874. Oct. 13 Imposition of an income-tax upon Americans residing in the German Empire. 479
236 do Nov. 2 The number of Americans visiting Germany, and the number who have taken up permanent residence there; claims of the German government on naturalized Americans; the protection given by the legation. 485
237 Mr. Nicholas Fish to Mr. Fish. Nov. 16 Interview with Baron von Bulow respecting the pending military cases. 487
238 Mr. Fish to Mr. Davis Nov. 21 Opinion expressed upon .the imposition of income-tax upon citizens of the United States in Germany. 488
239 Mr. Davis to Mr. Fish 1875. Jan. 11 The case of Edward Grübel 489
240 do Mar. 13 Relations between the civil and ecclesiastical authorities. 491
241 do Mar. 15 Summary of the military laws of Germany 533
242 Mr. Fish to Mr. Davis April 7 Taking testimony in Germany by commissioners appointed under the authority of the courts of the United States. 537
243 Mr. Davis to Mr. Fish April 19 Church laws; text of a bill introduced in the Prussian House of Deputies to deprive ecclesiastical corporations of the right to manage their own affairs; correspondence between Catholic bishops and the Emperor; the bishops in reply to Prince Bismarck. 538
244 do April 26 The same subject; draft of a law for the management of church property in Catholic parishes. 543
245 do May 10 The same subject; bill for the suppression of Catholic monasteries, still pending before the Prussian Diet, to be followed by a bill regulating the status of the Old Catholics; inability of the Emperor to visit the King of Italy a great disappointment to the German liberals; the polity of the two powers; the religious agitation throughout Europe; the arming of France; newspaper articles on the subject. 549
246 Mr. Fish to Mr. Davis June 8 Taking testimony in Germany by commission; no positive prohibition of the same exists; Mr. Davis’s correspondence with Dr. Gneist on the subject; the practice in the Federal and State courts of the United States. 562
247 do July 13 The case of Arthur Steinkauler 563
248 Mr. Davis to Mr. Fish Aug 23 Claims of the German government to the military services of naturalized Americans; statement by Mr. Davis of the various cases which have occupied the attention of the legation during the year and how they have been disposed of. 566
249 Mr. Fish to Mr. Schlözer 1874. Dec. 9 Taking testimony by commission in Germany 573
250 Mr. Schlözer to Mr. Fish Dec. 14 Thanks of the imperial government to the Government of the United States for protection of German interests in Peru. 576
251 Mr. Fish to Mr. Schlözer Dec. 15 Protection of German interests in Peru by the American legation; acknowledges Mr. Schlözer’s note conveying the thanks of the imperial government for the same. 577
252 do 1875. Jan. 8 The naturalization of Jacob and Herman Kastellan. 577

great britain.

[Page LIV][Page LV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
253 Mr. Fish to General Schenck. 1874. Oct. 3 The transit of Venus; Rear-Admiral Davis requests that application be made to procure the free use of Australian telegraph-lines, and lines on the island of Java, to assist the American commission in the observations of the transit of Venus; General Schenck requested to procure the necessary privileges. 579
254 General Schenck to Mr. Fish Oct 9 Extraterritoriality in Japan; the necessity of continued concert of action between the treaty powers thereon. 580
255 do Nov. 3 The transit of Venus; the secretary of state for the colonies has telegraphed to the governments of Victoria and South Australia to grant the free use of their telegraph-lines to the American astronomers. 581
256 do Nov. 7 The same subject; Lord Derby informs General Schenck that the governments of Victoria and South Australia have granted the free use of their telegraph-lines to the American astronomers engaged in observing the transit; correspondence thereon. 582
257 Mr. Fish to General Schenck Dec. 1 Intervention in Japan of the foreign representatives, by a joint note, upon the arrest of a servant of the British minister; absence of the American minister’s name from the note; Mr. Bingham explains the same; General Schenck requested to read Mr. Bingham’s explanation to Lord Derby. 583
258 General Schenck to Mr. Fish Dec. 19 Same subject; General Schenck reads Mr. Bingham’s explanation to Lord Tenterden in the absence of Lord Derby. 584
259 do Dec. 29 British and Foreign Antislavery Society and the Universal Alliance; General Schenck forwards a communication from the same to the Secretary of State, asking that a delegate be appointed to represent the United States at a conference to be held in London; memorandum of the Antislavery Society; protocol of the congress of Vienna, 1815; resolutions of the Verona conference, 1822. 585
260 Mr. Fish to General Schenck 1875. Jan. 28 Same subject; were it the practice of the United States Government to participate in international conferences of the nature of the one under consideration, the date of the receipt of the invitation makes it impossible. 589
261 General Schenck to Mr. Fish Feb. 5 Assembling of Parliament; the Queen’s speech 590
262 Mr. Fish to General Schenck Mar. 12 Jurisdiction assumed by the local common-law courts of Great Britain in questions between the masters and crews of American vessels; the case of the ship Lathley Rich at Hong-kong; the laws of the United States in relation to similar cases between the masters and crews of British vessels; correspondence covering the Lathley Rich case. 592
263 do Mar. 15 Relations between Great Britain and Nicaragua in connection with the Mosquito protectorate. 605
264 General Schenck to Mr. Fish Apr. 10 The case of the American ship G. C. Trufant, transferred to the British flag in Liverpool in violation of the United States shipping regulations and against the protest of the American consul; correspondence covering the case. 605
265 do Apr. 15 The declaration of Paris; debate in Parliament thereon; petition in favor of its abrogation. 616
266 do Apr. 17 Relations between Great Britain and Nicaragua in connection with the Mosquito protectorate; no intent or desire on the part of Great Britain to interfere. 631
267 do Apr. 19 Jurisdiction assumed by the local common-law courts of Great Britain in questions arising between the masters and crews of American vessels; interview with Lord Derby concerning the same. 633
268 do Apr. 21 The case of the American vessel G. C. Trufant, transferred to the British flag contrary to the shipping regulations of the United States; correspondence with Lord Derby thereon. 634
269 do Apr. 24 Immigration to the United States of improper persons; printed copy of act of Congress in relation to the same left with Lord Derby; the soundness of the principle admitted by His Lordship. 635
270 do June 1 The peace of Europe; the part recently enacted by Great Britain by her friendly intervention between Germany and France; debate in Parliament thereon. 636
271 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Fish Aug. 28 The transit of Venus; courtesies extended to the American astronomers in New Zealand; correspondence with Lord Derby thereon. 640
272 Mr. Watson to Mr. Cadwalader. 1874. Oct. 17 Limits of maritime jurisdiction; the six-mile limit claimed by Spain; Lord Derby to Mr. Watson on the same. 641
273 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Fish. Nov. 23 On the use of the canals in the State of New York by British subjects on an equality with the inhabitants of the United States. 642
274 do Nov. 23 Boundary-line between Labrador and the Dominion of Canada. 643
275 Mr. Fish to Sir Edward Thornton. Nov. 24 On the use of the canals in the United States by British subjects on an equality with Americans. 645
276 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Fish. Nov. 30 The river Detroit; report on the removal of certain obstructions to the safe navigation of the same. 646
277 Mr. Fish to Sir Edward Thornton. Dec. 8 On the free use of the canals in the United States by British vessels; reply of the governor of New York to Sir Edward Thornton’s note. 646
278 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Fish. Dec. 26 The use of the stores of the Polaris expedition, in depot at West Greenland, desired for the British expedition of 1875. 649
279 Mr. Fish to Sir Edward Thornton. 1875. Jan. 22 The question of maritime jurisdiction; the limits of the same, as understood by the Government of the United States. 649
280 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Fish. Jan. 23 The same subject 650
281 Mr. Fish to Sir Edward Thornton. Jan. 23 The stores of the Polaris expedition may be considered available for the British expedition; list of the same. 650
282 do Feb. 11 Reciprocity treaty between the United States and Canada; its negotiation not deemed expedient by the Senate. 653
283 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Fish. Feb. 22 Unseaworthy ships; prevention of the use of same. 653
284 Mr. Fish to Sir Edward Thornton. Mar. 1 The same subject; privileges granted by the United States to vessels carrying the American flag. 653
285 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Fish. Mar. 5 British vessels employed in the suppression of the slave-trade. 654
286 Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Cadwalader. Apr. 5 Indemnity awarded to British subjects by the mixed commission; the entire amount received from the Treasury Department. 655
287 do May 14 Naval salutes; rules governing the same in the I British navy. 656
288 Mr. Fish to Sir Edward Thornton. June 30 The same subject; the American Navy concurs in the proposed arrangement. 656
289 Mr. Cadwalader to Sir Edward Thornton. Aug. 18 The same subject; the rules will be embodied in the new edition of Regulations for the United States Navy. 657

greece.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
290 Mr. Read to Mr. Fish 1875. Mar. 8 Grand ball at the palace 657
291 do Apr. 10 Review of the political situation in Greece 658
292 do Apr. 25 The ceremonies at the cathedral at Easter eve 662
293 do June 18 Arrival of the French Mediterranean squadron; festivities and reception. 663
294 do July 5 The present condition of Greece and the probabilities of her future prosperity. 664
295 do Aug. 7 Same subject continued 666

hawaiian islands.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
296 Mr. Peirce to Mr. Fish 1874. Aug. 20 King Kalakaua and suite about to leave for the United States. 669
297 do Sept. 10 The Benicia leaves for a cruise in the vicinity of the island of Maui; opposition to the visit of the King to the United States; arrival of the British scientists for the observation of the transit of Venus. 670
298 do Oct. 5 Time fixed for the King’s departure for the United States. 671
299 Mr. Scott to Mr. Fish Nov. 24 Departure of the King, accompanied by the American minister resident, for the United States. 671
300 Mr. Peirce to Mr. Fish Nov. 29 Arrival of the King at San Francisco 672
301 do 1875. Feb. 25 The King’s return to Honolulu; correspondence conveying His Majesty’s thanks to the United States Government for courtesies extended to him. 672
302 do Feb. 26 The King addresses the people; resolution of thanks to the United States; the King’s address. 674
303 do Mar. 6 Presentation to the American minister of resolution of thanks to the United States adopted at the mass-meeting held on the 20th February. 677
304 do Apr. 29 The Hawaiian commissioner arrives from Washington with the treaty of reciprocity. 678
[Page LVI]

hayti.

[Page LVII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
305 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Fish 1875. Feb. 24 Destructive fire at Port au Prince 679
306 do Mar. 11 Arrival of an English fleet at Port au Prince to protect the interests of certain British subjects. 680
307 do Mar. 11 The National Constitutional Assembly take steps to accuse General Lamothe of unfaithfulness in the discharge of his functions as minister under President Saget; General Lamothe seeks refuge in the British legation; the right of asylum. 682
308 do Apr. 9 The same subject; General Lamothe allowed to return to his home. 682
309 do Apr. 17 The National Constitutional Assembly convoked in extraordinary session; the business of the session. 683
310 do Apr. 17 Indignity offered to the British vice-consul at Port a Paix; the British minister demands reparation. 685
311 do May 8 General Boisrond Canal and others seek asylum in the American legation; statement of the causes leading thereto; the Haytian government demand the surrender of the refugees; full statement of the case. 686
312 do May 19 The same subject continued; interviews and correspondence with the Haytian secretary for foreign affairs. 696
313 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bassett June 4 The same subject; views of the Department thereon. 701
314 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Fish June 8 The same subject; action of the British minister under similar circumstances. 701
315 do June 8 The same subject; the case of General Lamothe, who had sought asylum in the British legation. 702
316 do June 8 The same subject; the case of General Brice; statement of the trouble at Port au Prince. 703
317 do June 24 The same subject; popular feeling in regard to the refugees; will follow the Department’s instructions. 706
318 do June 26 The same subject; determination of the Haytian government to have the refugees. 707
319 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bassett July 1 The same subject; copy of a note from the minister of Hayti transmitted to Mr. Bassett for explanation of certain points. 708
320 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Fish July 16 The case of the English schooner Laura Pride at Port au Prince, from New York, laden with arms and ammunition; the Spanish representatives demand that the schooner be seized and her cargo turned over to them. 709
321 do July 16 The asylum granted in the American legation to Boisrond Canal and others; the situation unchanged. 710
322 do July 22 The same subject; continued effort on the part of the American minister to reach a satisfactory settlement of the case; correspondence with the Haytian minister for foreign affairs. 712
323 do Aug. 9 The same subject; Mr. Bassett explains certain points in Mr. Preston’s note to the Secretary of State. 722
324 do Aug. 9 The same subject; Earl Derby approves of the asylum given by the British minister to General Lamothe. 724
325 do Aug. 9 The same subject; Mr. Bassett’s efforts to effect a settlement unavailing; public feeling in regard to the refugees. 725
326 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Bassett Aug. 26 The same subject; general views of the Department thereon. 726
327 do Sept. 2 The same subject; transmitting two notes from the Haytian minister; an explanation called for. 727
328 do Sept. 7 The same subject; a man-of-war to be sent to Port au Prince for Mr. Bassett’s protection. 728
329 do Sept. 10 The same subject; propositions for the settlement of the same. 728
330 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bassett Sept. 21 The same subject; the Powhatan sails for Port au prince for Mr. Bassett’s protection. 729
331 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Fish Sept. 21 Arrival of two Haytian war-steamers recently built in Philadelphia. 729
332 do Sept. 21 A fearful hurricane visits the island of Hayti 730
333 do Sept. 21 The Boisrond Canal asylum matter still unchanged 730
334 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bassett Sept. 27 The Boisrond asylum case; it is hoped that an adjustment has been reached. 731
335 Mr. Bassett o Mr. Fish Oct. 5 The same subject; telegram announcing the embarkation of the refugees. 731
336 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Fish Oct. 12 The same subject; Mr. Bassett thanks the Department for the manner in which it sustained him in his embarrassing position. 731
337 do Oct. 12 The same subject; explains in regard to certain charges made in Mr. Preston’s note to the Department, concerning the conduct of the refugees while in Mr. Bassett’s house. 732
338 do Oct. 12 The same subject; full account of the embarkation of the refugees and the preliminary negotiations thereto. 734
339 Mr. Preston to Mr. Fish June 25 The same subject; Mr. Preston says the refugees are charged with one or more murders, and that their detention at the American legation may be fatal to the domestic peace of Hayti; feels assured that no naval vessels will be sent to Haytian waters. 737
340 Mr. Fish to Mr. Preston June 29 The same subject; instructions have been forwarded to Mr. Bassett; the Secretary of State surprised that Mr. Preston should feel assured that no naval vessels would be ordered to Haytian waters. 738
341 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Preston. Aug. 6 The same subject; the asylum given by Mr. Bassett not approved by the Department; the failure on the part of Hayti to observe the right of asylum regretted. 739
342 Mr. Preston to Mr. Cadwalader. Aug. 14 The same subject; Mr. Preston answers Mr. Cadwalader’s note. 740
343 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Preston. Aug. 17 The same subject; when the present case shall have been settled, the Department may receive propositions from Hayti looking to the abolition of asylum in the legations; Mr. Preston mistakes the terms on which the refugees are to be surrendered. 741
344 Memorandum of conference between Mr. Cadwalader and Mr. Preston. Aug. 18 The same subject; the manner of settling the question discussed; Mr. Preston will recommend Mr. Cadwalader’s suggestion to his government. 742
345 Mr. Preston to Mr. Cadwalader. Aug. 26 The same subject; Mr. Preston answers Mr. Cadwalader’s note of the 17th instant; President Domingue’s decree of banishment. 742
346 Mr. Preston to Mr. Hunter Aug. 26 The same subject; violation of the right of asylum by the refugees. 745
347 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Preston. Sept. 10 The same subject; if the proposition of Mr. Preston for the settlement of the matter in dispute be rightly understood by Mr. Hunter, instructions to that effect will be forwarded to Mr. Bassett. 745
348 Mr. Preston to Mr. Fish Sept. 27 The same subject; Mr. Preston specifies again the terms of the compromise for the final settlement of the question. 746
349 Mr. Fish to Mr. Preston Sept. 27 The same subject; the terms offered by Mr. Preston acceptable. 748
350 Memorandum of agreement between Mr. Fish and Mr. Preston. Sept. 27 The same subject; the question settled; the terms of agreement. 748

italy.

[Page LVIII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
351 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 15 The Italo-Swiss boundary arbitration; Mr. Marsh authorized by the Department to act as umpire; the territory in dispute. 749
352 do Sept. 25 The same question; decision of Mr. Marsh as umpire; full history of the case. 750
353 do Sept. 27 Co-operation in Japan between the minister of the United States and the ministers of the western powers; Italy not disposed to separate action. 754
354 do Oct. 12 Laws of Italy on the marriage of foreigners in that country; marriages of citizens of the United States in Italy since the act of Congress of June 22, 1860. 755
355 do Nov. 25 Assembling of the new Parliament at Rome; Garibaldi’s election; Minghetti’s address; His Majesty’s speech. 759
356 Mr. Fish to Mr. Marsh 1875. Jan. 19 American marriages in Italy; the subject has been deliberately considered by the Department; views of the Department thereon. 761
357 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Fish. Feb. 18 Garibaldi’s visit to Rome as a member of the Chamber of Deputies; his appearance in the national Parliament; his scheme for saving the city from the inundations of the Tiber. 762
358 do Mar. 19 American marriages m Italy; the instruction thereon issued by the Department full and clear. 764
359 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Marsh Apr. 15 The same subject; in regard to the proper manner of filling the blanks in the certificates. 764

japan.

[Page LIX]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
360 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 26 Murder of the acting German consul at Hakodadi by a Japanese; conviction and execution of the murderer. 765
361 do Sept. 26 Abolition of torture in examinations of witnesses; cases in which it still may be used. 766
362 do Sept. 26 The transit of Venus; the American party granted the freedom of the empire; Japanese officials to witness the Americans taking the observations. 767
363 do Oct. 8 Chinese residents in Japan not to be interfered with in case of war between the two countries; steps taken for the protection of foreign commerce by the foreign consuls at Shanghai. 768
364 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Bingham. Nov. 6 The transit of Venus; thanks of the Navy Department to the Japanese authorities for courtesies to the American party. 772
365 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish Nov. 19 Hunting regulations and protocol received by Mr. Bingham from the minister of foreign affairs; meeting of the foreign representatives concerning the same. 773
366 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bingham Dec. 2 Intervention of the foreign representatives upon the arrest of the translating secretary of the British legation; transmits copy of an instruction sent to General Schenck concerning the same. 776
367 do Dec. 3 The notification of the Japanese government that the Chinese residents in Japan are not to be molested in case of war between the two countries is highly gratifying. 776
368 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish Dec. 4 Mr. Bingham asked by the consul-general to favor the enactment of regulations to be enforced as law over Americans residing in Yokohama; penal regulations for the government of British subjects. 777
369 do Dec. 18 The hunting regulations; replies of the foreign representatives to the minister for foreign affairs. 779
370 do Dec. 18 The Mexican transit-of-Venus party; Mr. Bingham secures for the same satisfactory facilities from the Japanese authorities for the observations of the transit. 780
371 do 1875. Jan. 2 The foreign representatives tender their congratulations to the Emperor. 782
372 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bingham Jan. 7 The enactment of regulations by the representatives of the United States having the force of law in Japan; views of the Department thereon. 782
373 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish Jan. 19 The Simonoseki indemnity fund; the President’s recommendations in regard to the same, if carried out, while exciting the hostile criticism of the English press, would strengthen American influence in Japan. 783
374 do Jan. 29 Address of the president of the Formosan commission; the foreign representatives meet to correct some of its extraordinary statements; explanation asked for. 784
375 do Feb. 9 The same subject; corrections made as requested by the foreign representatives. 786
376 do Feb. 17 Withdrawal of the French and British land forces from Yokohama. 787
377 do Feb. 22 Report upon the flora of Yesso by Mr. Thomas Hogg. 789
378 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bingham Apr. 9 Transmits an act in relation to the immigration to the United States of improper persons. 791
379 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish Apr. 17 Jurisdiction of British courts in China and Japan 791
380 do Apr. 20 Imperial decree in relation to reforms in Japan 794
381 do Apr. 21 Return of General Capron to the United States; testimonials from the Japanese government. 795
382 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish May 15 Badges of merit; imperial order in relation to the same. 797
383 do May 20 Power of the foreign consuls to make local regulations in Japan. 798
384 do June 7 Withdrawal, by Consul-General van Buren, of American protection from J. M. Rappeport. 809
385 do June 22 The Mikado’s address to the nation; summoning the representatives of the people. 812
386 do June 22 Organization of the new Japanese judicial department, the Daishinin. 814
387 do July 17 In relation to the extradition of a British subject from California for embezzlement in Japan. 817
388 do Aug. 4 Proposed fishing regulations for Japan 819
389 do Aug. 4 American vessels engaged in sea-otter hunting in the North Japan waters. 820
390 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Bingham. Aug. 18 Extradition from California of a British subject charged with embezzlement in Japan. 821
391 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish Aug. 23 Arrest of Hon. William A. Richardson and Commander Lewis, United States Navy, in Hachoji, by the Japanese police; dismissal of the police officers who made the arrest. 821
392 do Sept. 7 The same subject; apology of the Japanese authorities. 825
393 do Sept. 8 General Upton, General Forsyth, and Major Sanger, under commission from the United States to examine the military service of Japan, received by the Japanese authorities. 828
394 do Sept. 15 The same subject; departure of the commission for China. 828
395 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bingham Sept. 20 American vessels engaged in sea-otter hunting in the waters of Northern Japan. 829
396 do Sept. 28 Fishing regulations sent to Mr. Bingham by the Japanese authorities for his approval; views of the Department thereon.| 829

liberia.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
397 Mr. Turner to Mr. Fish 1875 May 30 Biennial election for President; Mr. Payne supposed to be the successful candidate; biographical sketch of Mr. Payne. 830
398 do Sept. 7 Declaration of war against Liberia by the Grebo tribe; outbreak at Cape Palmas; sketch of the Grebos. 832
399 do Sept. 13 The same subject; assault on Cape Palmas by the Grebos. 835
400 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Turner. Oct. 21 The same subject; regrets the failure of Mr. Payne to secure an amicable adjustment with the Grebos. 835
401 Mr. Fish to Mr. Turner Oct. 27 The same subject; an American man-of-war ordered to Cape Palmas to protect our citizens there. 836

mexico.

[Page LX][Page LXI]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
402 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish 1874. Nov. 16 Amendments to the federal constitution of Mexico creating a senate. 836
403 do Nov. 27 In relation to the assassination of Rev. Mr. Stephens, and protection to his associates, Messrs. Watkins and Morgan. 840
404 do Nov. 30 Removal of the Kickapoos to the United States; the American commissioner arrives and asks that Mexican commissioners be appointed to arrange for the removal. 842
405 do Dec. 1 The extradition of Alexander D. Hamilton from Mexico prevented by General Cortinas. 844
406 do Dec. 18 Adjournment of the Mexican Congress; the subjects which have occupied the session. 845
407 do Dec. 20 The associates of the Rev. Mr. Stephens enjoying complete security. 846
408 do Dec. 22 The laws of reform passed by the late Congress in regard to religious processions, &c. 848
409 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish Dec. 23 Contracts entered into for the building of various Mexican railways. 853
410 Mr. Fish to Mr. Foster 1875. Jan. 6 Mr. Foster requested to use his good offices to secure a postponement of the expulsion of the French Sisters of Charity from Mexico. 854
411 do Jan. 14 The guarantee, of protection to Messrs. Watkins and Morgan; delay in the punishment of the assassins of Mr. Stephens. 854
412 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish Jan. 16 A delegation of the New Orleans Chamber of Commerce receive marked attention in the city of Mexico. 855
413 do Jan. 30 Attack on the Protestant church at Acapulco and the killing of five persons. 855
414 do Feb. 3 Mr. Foster secures the postponement of the expulsion of the French Sisters of Charity. 863
415 Mr. Fish to Mr. Foster Feb. 8 Mexican forces to co-operate with those of the United States infighting Indians hostile to this country. 864
416 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish Feb. 9 Attack on the Protestant church at Acapulco; further particulars concerning the same. 865
417 do Feb. 15 The same subject; Mr. Foster has an interview with the Mexican minister of foreign affairs concerning the attack. 868
418 do Feb. 23 Celebration of Washington’s birthday by the last American residents in the city of Mexico. 873
419 do Feb. 26 Opposition to the laws of reform passed by the last Congress: the protest of the ladies. 873
420 do Feb. 27 The attack on the Protestant church at Acapulco; no action taken for the arrest and punishment of the murderers. 881
421 do Mar. 2 Apprehended pronunciamento by General Rocha; plan of political regeneration. 885
422 do Mar. 23 The attack on the Protestant church at Acapulco; disappointment of Mr. Foster at the inaction of the authorities concerning the same. 888
423 do Mar. 24 Armed outbreaks in Michoacan; plans of the revolutionists. 888
424 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Foster. Mar. 29 Burning of the post-office at Nueces, Tex., by Mexicans; the necessity on the part of Mexico of preventing such raids. 890
425 do Mar. 31 The same subject; telegram of the governor of Texas to the President on the outrage. 891
426 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish Apr. 4 Opening of Congress: President Lerdo’s message. 892
427 Mr. Fish to Mr. Foster Apr. 12 Embarrassments experienced by the American commissioner in the removal of Lipan Indians from Mexico to the United States. 894
428 do Apr. 13 Depredations committed in Texas by Mexican Indians. 897
429 do Apr. 14 Burning of the post-office at Nueces, Tex., by Mexican marauders. 899
430 do Apr. 28 Recent outrages on the Texas frontier by Mexicans; correspondence concerning the same from the War Department. 900
431 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish May 4 Burning of the Nueces, Tex., post-office; Mr. Foster has an interview with the minister of foreign affairs on the subject; General Cortina’s evil influence. 909
432 do May 4 The guerrillas in Michoacan; robbery and murder near Queretaro. 913
433 do May 12 Extradition of Juan Flores for murder in Texas; danger that the .criminal may escape through illegal release. 913
434 do May 14 The late raid into Texas; correspondence with the minister of foreign affairs thereon. 916
435 do May 15 Troubles experienced by the American commissioner in the removal of Indians from Mexico to the United States. 919
436 do May 24 Texas border troubles; view of the Federalista concerning the same. 921
437 do May 25 Disturbed condition of Mexico; the President asks for extraordinary powers. 921
438 Mr. Fish to Mr. Foster May 20 Mexican raids into Texas; it is hoped that the perpetrators may be severely punished. 924
439 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish June 5 Congress confers the extraordinary powers asked by the executive; the President and supreme court at variance. 925
440 do June 8 The assassins of the Rev. Mr. Stephens; the supreme court decides they must suffer the death-penalty. 927
441 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish June 10 Ratification by Congress of a contract with Mr. Plumb for the construction of the International Railroad. 927
442 do June 11 The annual report of the minister of finance 937
443 do June 17 Immigration to Mexico; laws passed by Congress for its encouragement. 938
444 do June 25 Opposition by the Mexican authorities to the removal of the Kickapoos justified by the minister of foreign affairs. 939
445 do June 26 Mexican raids into Texas; Mr. Foster has an interview with the minister of foreign affairs in relation to the prevention of the same and the punishment of the raiders. 943
446 do July 2 General Cortina ordered to the capital to explain certain affairs on the northern frontier. 946
447 do July 7 Troubles on the Rio Grande; General McKenzie’s raid into Mexico; arrest and removal of Cortina. 946
448 do July 28 The new congressional elections result in a majority for the administration. 947
449 do Sept. 22 Convening of the eighth Congress; the President’s address. 948
450 do Sept. 23 Conflict between the federal, judicial, and executive powers of the government. 950
451 do Sept. 27 Increase of local revolutions; statement of the various disturbances. 951
452 Mr. Mariscal to Mr. Fish Jan. 30 Hanging of seven Mexican shepherds in Texas; statement and correspondence concerning the same; claim for indemnity. 954
453 Mr. Fish to Mr. Mariscal Feb. 19 The same subject 973
454 Mr. Mariscal to Mr. Fish Mar. 8 The probable assassination of Mateo Robles and Gabriel Leyva, two Mexicans, in Texas; sworn statements in regard to the murders. 974
455 do Mar. 9 Hanging of seven Mexican shepherds in Texas; further discussion of the subject. 978
456 Mr. Fish to Mr. Mariscal Mar. 18 The probable murder of Mateo Robles and Gabriel Leyva in Texas; the attention of the governor of Texas called to the same. 980
457 do Mar. 18 The murder of Mexican shepherds in Texas; the character of border populations; a copy of Mr. Mariscal’s note sent to the governor of Texas. 980
458 Mr. Mariscal to Mr. Fish Mar. 29 The same subject 981
459 Mr. Fish to Mr. Mariscal Apr. 6 The same subject 982
460 Mr. Mariscal to Mr. Fish Apr. 17 The same subject 982
461 do June 18 Depredations in Sonora by the Apache Indians of Arizona. 984
462 do July 23 Armed men from Arizona apprehend a fugitive in Sonora; the case brought to the attention of the Government of the United States. 984

netherlands.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
463 Mr. Gorham to Mr. Fish 1874. Nov. 9 Reduction of duty on sundry articles exported from the Dutch East Indian colonies; the ministry censured for the passage of the law. 985
464 do Dec. 19 Appointment by the King of Mr. Van Lansberge as governor-general of the Dutch East Indies. 987
465 do Dec. 26 A motion to pledge the government to settle all international disputes by arbitration introduced into the Chamber of Deputies. 987
466 do 1875. May 25 The losses and expenses of the Atchin war 988
467 do May 28 Gold to be the money standard of the Netherlands after July 1, 1875. 989
468 do June 12 The school question; a division of the school-funds demanded. 989

peru.

[Page LXII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
469 Mr. Thomas to Mr. Fish 1874. Aug. 27 Attempted assassination of the President of Peru 991
470 do Oct. 27 Another revolution in progress; rumors and facts concerning the same. 993
471 Mr. Thomas to Mr. Fish Nov. 13 The same subject: further particulars 994
472 do Nov. 27 The same subject; retreat of the revolutionary forces. 994
473 do Dec. 13 1875. The same subject; conclusion of the revolution 997
474 do Jan. 5 The same subject 998
475 do Jan. 18 The proposed transfer of Chinese laborers from Cuba to Peru. 999
476 do Feb. 16 Meeting of the Peruvian congress; President Pardo’s message. 1000
477 Mr. Gibbs to Mr. Fish July 20 Attempted disturbance at Islay; the insurgents disperse. 1001
478 do Aug. 18 Death of Rear-Admiral Collins, of the South Pacific squadron; tributes of respect to his memory; the funeral. 1002
479 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Gibbs Sept. 14 The same subject; thanks of the Government of the United States to the Peruvian government for sympathies shown on the occasion. 1006

portugal.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
480 Mr. Moran to Mr. Fish 1875. July 3 Act passed by the Cortes giving unconditional freedom to the “freedmen.” 1006
481 do July 15 The efforts of the Portuguese government to suppress the slave-trade. 1011
482 do July 27 Celebration in Lisbon of the landing of the troops of the Duke Terceira in 1833 and the retreat of Don Miguel; political significance of the celebration. 1012

russia.

[Page LXIII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
483 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 12 The Brussels congress: declaration of the same 1014
484 do Sept. 16 Declaration between Russia and Italy for the service of writs and letters rogatory. 1014
485 do Nov. 5 The Brussels congress; the full proceedings of the same. 1015
486 do Nov. 16 Marriage law signed by the Emperor relieving dissenters from the orthodox church. 1021
487 do Dec. 14 The Brussels conference; circular sent by Russia to its diplomatic agents abroad concerning the same; views of the other governments. 1022
488 do 1875. Jan. 13 Russia ready to recognize King Alphonso 1035
489 do Jan. 22 The massacre of Montenegrins by the Turks; feeling in Russia concerning the same. 1035
490 do Jan. 30 Conversion of 50,000 Uniates to the orthodox church; the remaining Uniates. 1037
491 do Feb. 4 The Russian church in America 1038
492 do Feb. 5 The Brussels conference; publication of its proceedings in the Russian papers. 1038
493 do Feb. 9 The Brussels conference; Lord Derby’s dispatch concerning the same. 1041
494 do Feb. 18 The Montenegro troubles; representations of Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and France; action of the Prince of Montenegro. 1046
495 do Feb. 22 The Brussels conference; refusal of England to take part in the same; Prince Gortschakoff on Lord Derby’s dispatch. 1047
496 do Mar. 2 The same subject; the three great military powers may unite in some project and face the remaining states of Europe. 1051
497 do Mar. 15 Commission for the improvement of the condition of the Hebrews in Russia. 1054
498 do Mar. 17 Report of the minister of finance for 1875 1057
499 do Apr. 15 Decree extending the judicial system to Poland; the Polish and Russian systems. 1060
500 do Apr. 15 The conversion of the remaining Uniates to the orthodox church. 1061
501 do Apr. 23 The Mennonites called into the military service to be employed in forest cultivation. 1062
502 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Fish Apr. 26 The problem of international law; Professor Horning on the German note to Belgium. 1062
503 do May 6 The Brussels conference; efforts for its renewal not successful. 1064
504 do May 10 The Russian railways loans 1064
505 do May 15 Russia cedes to Japan the Kurile Islands in exchange for the island of Saghalien. 1065
506 do May 18 German proposition tor the revision or the Russian laws in regard to the peace and quiet of other states. 1066
507 do June 22 Decision of the Emperor of Russia in the case of the Peruvian bark Maria Luz, seized by the Japanese authorities. 1066
508 do July 20 The visit of the King of Sweden and Norway to Russia. 1067
509 do July 20 Two United States vessels, the Franklin and Alaska, arrive at St. Petersburg; courtesies extended to and by the same. 1068
510 Mr. Fish to Mr. Schuyler May 18 Telegram requesting Mr. Schuyler to attend the telegraph convention at St. Petersburg. 1069
511 do May 18 Telegraph convention to be held at St. Petersburg. 1070
512 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Fish July 23 The same subject; report of Mr. Schuyler on the conference. 1070
513 Mr. Boker to Mr. Fish Aug. 5 Extra meeting of the permanent commission of the statistical congress at Paris. 1074
514 do Aug. 19 Act of Congress, March 3, 1875, in relation to immigration; the same published in the Russian official journals. 1075
515 Mr. Voight to Mr. Fish 1874. June 24 The international telegraphic conference to be held at St. Petersburg; Mr. Voight asks the opinion of the Government of the United States thereon. 1076
516 Mr. Fish to Mr. Voight 1875. May 18 The same subject; the American minister to Russia authorized to attend the convention. 1077

spain.

[Page LXIV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
517 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish 1874. Nov. 4 The question of emancipation in Cuba 1077
518 do Dec. 17 The subject of neutral rights and obligations; alleged violations of the same by France. 1079
519 do Jan. 4 The army pronounces for Don Alfonso; account of the same. 1080
520 do Jan. 5 The political situation discussed; dangers surrounding Don Alfonso. 1084
521 do Jan. 12 Diplomatic situation of Spain relatively to other governments; the reception of Don Alfonso. 1089
522 do Jan. 21 The relations between the government of Don Alfonso and the Catholic Church. 1095
523 do Feb. 2 Recent decree amending the measures which prohibited canonical marriages. 1098
523 do Feb. 11 Circular in regard to precautionary measures against opposition party-leaders. 1100
525 do Feb. 11 Circular forbidding army officers to participate in political contentions. 1101
526 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Feb. 12 Mr. Cushing’s friendly relations with the new government gratifying. 1103
527 Mr. On shiner to Mr. Fish Feb. 16 Decree re-organizing the ministry of state 1103
528 do Feb. 24 The question of diplomatic precedence at the court, of Alfonso. 1105
529 do Mar. 16 The policy of the United States in regard to the recognition of governments 1107
530 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Cushing. Mar. 24 The question of diplomatic precedence 1108
531 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish April 10 The large number of arbitrary deportations during the republican administrations. 1109
532 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing April 12 The practice of the United States in the recognition of governments. 1115
533 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish May 6 Arrival of the papal nuncio at Madrid; his reception by the government and by the foreign representatives. 1115
534 do June 1 The relative places of foreign ministers on ceremonious occasions. 1117
535 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing June 4 Mr. Cushing’s visit to the papal nuncio 1119
536 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish June 7 Decree regulating professional instruction in Spain. 1120
537 do June 19 Relations past and present between Spain and the United States. 1123
538 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish June 29 Decree ordering the confiscation of the property of Carlists. 1128
539 do July 2 The same subject 1130
540 do July 17 The same subject 1132
541 do Aug. 2 The abolition of slavery in Puerto Rico; good results of the same. 1135
542 do Sept. 14 Circular of the Papal nuncio to the Spanish bishops; complications which may result therefrom. 1138
543 do Sept. 17 The same subject discussed by the newspapers 1141
544 Mr. Montana to Mr. Fish Jan. 1 Announcing that Don Alfonso has been proclaimed King of Spain. 1143

correspondence relating to the steamer virginius.

[Page LXV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
545 Rear-Admiral Scott to Captain Whiting. 1873. Dec. 14 Captain Whiting ordered to proceed with the steamship Dispatch to Bahia Honda, to receive the Virginius. 1144
546 Captain Whiting to Rear-Admiral Scott. Dec. 17 Arrival of the Dispatch with the Virginius at Tortugas, Florida. 1144
547 Lieut. Commander Wood-row to Mr. Robeson. Dec. 30 Account of the sinking of the Virginius 1145
548 Mr. Robeson to Rear-Admiral Davis. 1874. Jan. 3 Admiral Davis appointed president of a court of inquiry in regard to the sinking of the Virginius 1147
549 do Jan. 3. The same subject 1148
550 do Jan. 16 Report of the naval court of inquiry 1148
551 do The same subject; final report 1153
552 Mr. Fish to Admiral Polo Mar. 28 The same subject; transmits a copy of the report of the naval court of inquiry. 1153
553 Admiral Polo to Mr. Fish 1873. Dec. 30 The question of damages to Spain by the acts of the steamer Virginius. 1153
554 Mr. Fish to Admiral Polo 1874. Jan. 9 The same subject; views of the Secretary of State concerning the same. 1156
555 Admiral Polo to Mr. Fish Feb. 2 The same subject discussed historically 1158
556 Mr. Fish to Admiral Polo Apr. 18 The same subject; Admiral Polo’s note of February 2d answered at length. 1178
557 Mr. Young to Mr. Fish 1873. Dec. 18 List of the persons captured on board the Virginius; names of those shot designated. 1213
558 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing 1874. Feb. 10 Transmitting copies of various instructions, notes, dispatches. &c., in relation to the Virginius. 1216
559 do Apr. 24 Transmitting further correspondence on the same subject. 1217
560 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish Apr. 11 Dispatch received by Mr. Cushing in Paris makes him anxious to reach Madrid. 1217
561 do Apr. 20 Mr. Cushing at Bordeaux, on his way to Madrid 1218
562 do June 1 Official presentation of Mr. Cushing to President Serrano. 1218
563 do June 26 Reclamation presented to the minister of state in behalf of the crew of the Virginius. 1218
564 do July 3 Mr. Cushing hopes for a final settlement of all questions growing out of the Virginius affair. 1219
565 do July 10 Answer of the minister of state to Mr. Cushing’s demand for reclamation. 1220
566 do July 22 Note from the minister of state on the subject of the officers, crew, and passengers of the Virginius. 1221
567 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Aug. 21 In relation to Mr. Cushing’s demand for reclamation. 1224
568 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish Aug. 31 Answer of minister of state to Mr. Cushing’s second demand for reclamation. 1225
569 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Oct. 27 In relation to the answer of the minister of state to Mr. Cushing’s second demand for reclamation. 1227
570 Mr. Fish to the President Nov. 20 Correspondence between the British chargé d’affaires at Madrid and the Spanish minister in relation to the British subjects on board the Virginius. 1228
571 The same subject: further correspondence relating thereto. 1230
572 Mr. Gushing to Mr. Fish Nov. 25 Telegram; the Spanish government willing to agree to indemnification to the United States on the same basis as that granted to England in regard to the Virginius affair. 1235
573 do Nov. 27 Telegram; anxiety of the Spanish government to hasten the conclusion of negotiations in regard to the Virginius question. 1235
574 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Nov. 28 Telegram in regard to the terms of settlement 1236
575 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish Nov. 30 Telegram; instructions in regard to terms of settlement will be fully obeyed. 1236
576 do Dec. 4 Telegram; indemnity conceded on the same basis as that conceded to Great Britain. 1236
577 do Dec. 4 Telegram; the same subject; the question as discussed between the minister of state and Mr. Cushing. 1237
578 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Dec. 7 Telegram; the terms of settlement offered by Spain, as understood from Mr. Cushing’s telegram of December 4. 1238
579 do Dec. 11 Telegram; instructions to Mr. Cushing as to settlement. 1288
580 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish Nov. 25 Transmits copy of a note from the minister of state in regard to the resolutions of Spain to grant indemnity. 1233
581 do Dec. 5 Transmits further notes from the minister of state on the same subject. 1239
582 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Dec. 30 In answer to Mr. Ulloa’s arguments 1246
583 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish 1875. Feb. 10 Telegram; negotiations in regard to the indemnity. 1247
584 do Feb. 16 Telegram; the same subject 1247
585 do Feb. 16 Telegram; negotiations completed; terms of the same. 1247
586 do Feb. 21 Telegram; the same subject 1248
587 do Feb. 21 Telegram; Mr. Cushing’s note to the minister of state proposing the amount of indemnity; Mr. Castro’s answer. 1248
588 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Feb. 24 Telegram; the President approves of the agreement. 1249
589 do Mar. 3 Telegram; Mr. Cushing authorized to present his credentials if agreement will be signed immediately after. 1250
590 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish Mar. 9 Telegram; officious agreement, signed; credentials will be presented on the 10th. 1250
591 do Mar. 11 Transmits agreement assigned 1250
592 do Mar. 12 Telegram; credentials presented 1251
593 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing Apr. 6 Thanks of the President and Secretary of State to Mr. Cushing for the settlement of the question. 1252
594 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish Apr. 16 The Spanish government to anticipate payment of the indemnity. 1252
595 do Apr. 17 Telegram; payments anticipated 1253
596 do April 21 Mr. Cushing receives $45,000 anticipated payment of the indemnity. 1253
597 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing April 22 Telegram in regard to anticipated payments of the indemnity. 1255
598 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish April 23 Telegram notifying of the receipt of anticipated payment of indemnity. 1255
599 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing April 23 Telegram; anticipated payment evidence of friendly disposition on the part of Spain. 1255
600 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish May 5 Telegram; balance of indemnity received 1255
601 Mr. Fish to Mr. Cushing May 6 Telegram; President’s appreciation of the anticipated payment to be expressed to the Spanish government. 1255
602 do May 8 The President and Secretary of State congratulate Mr. Cushing on the settlement of the Virginius question. 1256
603 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Fish May 13 Final payment of the indemnity received by Mr. Cushing and remitted. 1256
[Page LXVI]

sweden and norway.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
604 Mr. Andrews to Mr. Fish 1875. Jan. 14 Low rates of fire-insurance in Stockholm; reasons therefor; style of architecture. 1257
605 do June 13 Scandinavian social gatherings; fraternal songs, poems, &c., of the people. 1260
606 do July 12 The United States squadron under command of Admiral Worden visit Stockholm the admiral’s audience with the King. 1261
607 do July 16 Statistics of crime and prisons 1263
608 do July 27 The recent visit of the King of Russia 1266
609 do Aug. 11 Adjournment of the Storthing; business transacted during the session. 1267
610 do Aug. 14 The public debt of Sweden 1268
611 do Sept. 8 Elections and politics; cabinet changes 1269
612 do Oct. 5 Popular education in Sweden and Norway, England, and the United States. 1270
613 Mr. Stenersen to Mr. Fish Jan. 14 The Moorsom method of admeasurement of vessels adopted by Sweden. 1270
614 do May 20 The same subject; order of the general direction of customs. 1274
615 Mr. Grip to Mr. Fish July 31 American certificates of registry recognized by Sweden. 1275

switzerland.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
616 Mr. Rublee to Mr. Fish 1874. July 23 Re-organization of the federal judiciary of Switzerland. 1275
617 do Oct. 14 Session of the federal assembly resumed; measures to be considered. 1278
618 do Oct. 24 Election of the members of the new federal tribunal. 1280
619 do Dec. 18 Election of President and Vice-President for the Swiss Confederation. 1281
620 do 1875. Mar. 8 Session of the federal assembly resumed; business before the same. 1281
621 do Mar. 22 Adjournment of the federal assembly: the Catholic Church controversy. 1282
622 do Mar. 29 The Catholic controversy; action of the federal council thereon. 1283
623 do Apr. 2 The same subject; encyclical letter to the Catholics of Switzerland. 1284
624 do May 27 The civil-marriage and elective-franchise measures enacted by the federal assembly submitted to a popular vote; result of the same. 1287
625 do June 4 Appeal of the Roman Catholic ecclesiastics expelled from the Canton of Berne to the federal council. 1289
626 do June 16 The same subject; demonstration in favor of the government of Berne. 1290
627 do July 3 The same subject; the question settled by compromise. 1292

turkish empire.

ottoman porte.

[Page LXVII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
628 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Boker. 1874. Aug. 13 Interdiction by the Turkish government of mercantile telegrams in cipher from the United States. 1293
629 Mr. Boker to Mr. Fish 1875. Mar. 9 Rumors of the suppression of the Protestant schools throughout the empire; hostility of the native Christians to Protestantism; persecution of the Protestants in Syria. 1294
630 Mr. Goodenow to Mr. Fish May 7 The American missionaries to Mr. Boker on his departure from Constantinople. 1297
631 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Fish June 30 Interdiction by the Turkish government in regard to cereals, arms, the press, &c.; protest of American citizens and missionaries. 1298
632 do July 23 The Robert College on the Bosphorus; the examinations at the same. 1306
633 do Aug. 16 Telegram; reparation ordered to be made to the American consul at Tripoli for insult to himself and wife. 1307
634 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Fish Aug. 16. The same subject; full particulars 1308
635 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Maynard Sept. 9. The same subject; the necessity of a clearer understanding as to the relations of the Porte with Tripoli. 1309
636 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Fish Sept. 27 The same subject; Mr. Maynard desires full information as to the affair at Tripoli; press extracts in relation to the same. 1310
637 Mr. Fish to Mr. Maynard Nov. 9 The same subject; relations between the Sublime Porte and Tripoli; the insult to the American consul. 1316
638 Aristarchi Bey to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 30 Humane conduct of the American consul at Tripoli during the plague at Bingasi. 1318
639 do Oct. 15 Thanks of the Turkish minister of public instruction for reports of the United States Commissioner of Education. 1318
640 Mr. Cadwalader to Aristarchi Bey. Oct. 30 The same subject 1319
641 Aristarchi Bey to Mr. Fish Dec. 26 The tonnage question and the Suez Canal 1319
642 do 1875. Aug. 25 The arrival of two American men-of-war in Tripoli to redress certain grievances regretted by the Sublime Porte; their withdrawal requested; Tripoli a province of the Ottoman Empire. 1320
643 Mr. Hunter to Aristarchi Bey. Aug. 27 The same subject; the men-of-war will be withdrawn. 1320

egypt.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
644 Mr. Beardsley to Mr. Fish 1874. Dec. 15 Judicial reform in Egypt; conditional acceptance of the same by the French government. 1321
645 do Dec. 28 Colonel Long’s journey to Lake Victoria; full account of the same. 1326
646 do 1875. Jan. 1 Occupation of the capital of Darfour by the Egyptian troops. 1330
647 do Jan. 20 Expeditions for the exploration of Darfour and Central Africa. 1331
648 do Feb. 4 Postal reform in Egypt 1333
649 do Feb. 13 Judicial reform in Egypt; the Hellenic government gives its adhesion to the same. 1335
650 do Mar. 5 The same subject; the courts and judges under the same. 1335
651 do Mar. 24 The revised “Code Civil;” convention between Egypt and France. 1337
652 do Mar. 24 Conquest of Darfour, and submission of the family of the late Sultan. 1339
653 do May 5 Judicial reform in Egypt; list of foreign judges 1 and substitutes. 1341
654 do May 20 Organization of the court of appeal at Alexandria. 1342
655 do May 26 Organization of the lower courts at Alexandria 1343
656 do June 24 Appointments of new ministers of foreign affairs, agriculture, and justice. 1344
657 do June 24 Removal of the Khedive and his household from Cairo to Alexandria. 1344
658 do July 6 Judicial reform; arrival of one of the judges designated by the United States. 1345
659 do July 10 Official organization of the court of appeal and the courts of first instance. 1345
660 do July 15 The same subject; France takes no part in the same; judicial dress. 1347
661 do July 15 Adoption of the Gregorian calendar in Egypt 1348
662 do July 17 The port of Zeilah ceded by the Sultan to the Khedive. 1349
663 do Sept. 1 The metrical system of weights and measures adopted by Egypt. 1350
664 do Aug. 31 Arrival of the Sultan of Zanzibar at Alexandria 1351
[Page LXVIII]

uruguay.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
665 Mr. Caldwell to Mr. Fish 1874. Sept. 15 Col. Edward Vasquez appointed minister of war and marine and Dr. Bustamente as minister of the treasury. 1352
666 do 1875. Jan. 20 The entire executive of the government changed by revolution; explanation of the same. 1352
667 do Feb. 16 The same subject; how the revolution became constitutional. 1355
666 do Mar. 16 The same subject; arrest and deportation of fifteen leaders of the whites. 1356
669 do Apr. 16 Opening of the Uruguayan legislature; message of the President. 1357
670 do Apr. 16 All internal debts to be paid by irredeemable paper money; protest of the diplomatic corps against the same. 1360
671 do May 16 The position of Uruguay in case of war between Brazil and the Argentine Republic. 1361
672 do July 16 Celebration of the Fourth of July at Montevideo. 1362

venezuela.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
673 Mr. Russell to Mr. Fish 1875. Jan. 7 Immigrants to Venezuela receiving the benefits of the immigration laws are citizens at once; the effects of this decision. 1362
674 do Mar. 6 The present state of affairs in Venezuela; President Blanco to the army. 1364
675 do Mar. 6 In relation to the Venezuelan law requiring masters of foreign vessels to deposit their papers in the custom-house while in Venezuelan ports 1365
676 do Mar. 18 Decree closing the ports of Maracaibo and La Vela de Coro to foreign commerce: result of the same. 1366
677 do Mar. 30 The same subject as it may apply to United States vessels which may have sailed for those ports without having had notice of the decree. 1369
678 Mr. Fish to Mr. Russell Apr. 24 Claims of United States citizens against Venezuela; payment of same to be demanded without any reserve. 1369
679 Mr. Russell to Mr. Fish May 8 In relation to the Venezuelan immigration law as it affects the nationality of the immigrant. 1370
680 do May 10 The same subject; extract from law, and decree enforcing the same. 1371
681 do May 15 Claims of United States citizens against Venezuela: payment of same demanded. 1372
682 do May 26 The immigration law; decree regulating the rights immigrants 1372
683 do May 26 Sailing directions for entering the harbor of Puerto Cabello. 1373
684 do May 31 Claims of United States citizens against Venezuela: Mr. Russell makes demand for the same. 1374
685 Mr. Fish to Mr. Russell June 4 The same subject; conversation on the subject between the Secretary of State and the Venezuelan minister. 1375
686 do June 7 The same subject; no review of the proceedings of the joint commission on claims will be consented to by the United States. 1378
687 Mr. Russell to Mr. Fish June 19 Venezuelan claim against the Netherlands 1378
688 do June 19 Facts in regard to the earthquake of May 18 1379
689 do June 21 Venezuelan claim against the Netherlands 1380
690 do July 15 Claims of United States citizens against Venezuela; the sums deposited to be turned over to the United States. 1381
691 do July 26 The same subject; Mr. Russell receives the money. 1383